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Verbal Ability for GATE 2020 | Score well in General Aptitude Section

If there is one section in the GATE exam, where you can easily score marks, it’s the General Aptitude section. With a weightage of 15 marks, scoring well in the GATE general aptitude section greatly enhances your chances of cracking the GATE exam. In this article, you will able to know about the verbal ability for GATE 2020.

The GATE General Aptitude section comprises of two parts:

  • Verbal Ability
  • Numerical Ability

In comparison to numerical ability questions, the candidates may be able to answer the questions on verbal ability for GATE more quickly.

Verbal Ability for GATE 2020

Verbal ability is usually one of the easiest and high yielding topics of the GATE exam. Here we will be discussing the tips and topics for the preparation of Verbal Ability for GATE exam. Verbal Ability comprises the following topics:

English Grammar

In this section, you will be required to find the grammatically correct and incorrect sentences or find correctly and incorrectly spelled words.

For example, One sentence will be given with a few words bold/underlined and you have to choose from the four options which option is grammatically correct.

  1. The people of the ancient Assyrian Empire were renowned warriors, although they also crafted some of the best-preserved ancient art.
    • were renowned warriors, although they also crafted
    • had been renowned warriors, although they also crafted
    • were renowned warriors and also crafted
    • was renowned warriors, although they also crafted
So, here Option (A) is correct.

The subject (people, which is plural) must agree with the verb (were, which is plural). The two verbs (were and crafted) should be in the same tense since both happened at the same time in the past.

  1. This correct sentence is written such that the subject and verb agree
  2. had been renowned is improperly constructed in the past perfect tense, implying that the Assyrian Empire stopped being known for renown warriors before its people crafted  a well-preserved art
  3. The comma improperly splits the sentence, creating a comma splice.
  4. The subject (people, which is plural) does not agree with the verb (was, which is singular)

Sentence Completion

In these questions, an incomplete statement followed by fillers is given. You need to pick out the best one which can complete incomplete stem correctly and meaningfully.

For example:

  • Despite his best efforts to conceal his anger ……
    • we could detect that he was very happy
    • he failed to give us an impression of his agony
    • he succeeded in camouflaging his emotions
    • people came to know that he was annoyed

Here option (D) is correct as it is completing the sentence meaningful.

Verbal Analogies

In this, each question consists of two words that have a certain relationship to each other followed by four pairs of related words. You need to select the pair that has the same relationship.

For example:

  2. first: second
  3. present: past
  4. contemporary: historic
  5. successor: predecessor

Here option (D) is correct as Successor is a person or thing that succeeds another and predecessor is a thing that has been followed or replaced by another. That means Successor comes AFTER predecessor and predecessor come BEFORE successor.

Word Groups

These questions often use synonyms and antonyms (words which have either the same or opposite meanings), dictionary definitions and word pairs.

For Example: In the following questions choose the word which is the exact OPPOSITE of the given words.


  1. Soft
  2. Average
  3. Tiny
  4. Weak

Here, option (C) is correct.

Critical Reasoning & Verbal Deduction

It tests your ability to take a series of facts expressed in words and to understand and manipulate the information to solve a specific problem. (Assumptions, Inferences, strengthen or weaken the argument, etc)

For example:

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

(A) If only assumption I is implicit
(B) If only assumption II is implicit
(C) If either I or II is implicit
(D) If neither I nor II is implicit

  1. Statement: “You are hereby appointed as a programmer with a probation period of one year and your performance will be reviewed at the end of the period for confirmation.” – A line in an appointment letter.


(I) The performance of an individual generally is not known at the time of appointment offer.

(II) Generally an individual tries to prove his worth in the probation period.

  1. The only assumption I is implicit
  2. Only assumption II is implicit
  3. Either I or II is implicit
  4. Both I nor II is implicit

Here option (D) is correct as the performance of the individual has to be tested over a span of time as the statement mentions. So, I is implicit. The statement mentions that the individual’s worth shall be reviewed (during probation period) before confirmation. So, II is also implicit.

Blood Relations

In these types of questions, one needs to have a sound knowledge of blood relations.

For example:

  1. If A is the brother of B; B is the sister of C; and C is the father of D, how D is related to A?
    • Brother
    • Sister
    • Nephew
    • Cannot be determined

Here option (D) is correct as If D is Male, the answer is Nephew. If D is Female, the answer is Niece. As the sex of D is not known, hence, the relation between D and A cannot be determined.

So, I hope this article on Verbal ability for GATE will help you in preparing for this verbal ability for GATE Exam. All the best!!!

GATE syllabus 2021 [Official] – Branchwise syllabus for GATE 2021

Also Read:

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GATE syllabus 2020Reference Books For Gate 2020 ExamHow to Prepare for GATE 2020 – 2021 Exam?
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