Remarkable Teachers of Incredible India
Development of a nation primarily depends on the overall development of the masses. Education plays a vital role in this aspect. India has been a country of uncountable number of scholars and eminent personalities who have through their contribution helped in shaping the whole world. India has always given prime importance to the enhancement in the sector of education at all levels. From years extraordinary teachers have been educating the growing generation of the country for a bright future. On the occasion of teachers day let us remember some of these amazing souls:
Born into the royal family of Kapilavastu near Lumbini as Prince Siddhartha was kind hearted and spiritual from the very beginning of his life. Looking at the people of his state moving away from the concept of peace and kindness, at the age of 29 he renounced his luxurious life to find freedom from all sorrows and a path towards enlightenment. Through his teachings Gautam Budhha found the Buddhism religion and transformed the life of many.
Considered to be one of the seven Chiranjivins, he is credited with writing the Mahabharata and Bhagwad Gita. He is considered to be an incarnation of Lord Vishnu and the one who divided the original Vedas into four parts : Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda and Atharvaveda. His birthday is celebrated as Guru Purnima or Vyasa Purnima.
Born as Kautilya or Vishnugupta was the author of ‘Arthashastra’, the ancient Indian political treatise. Well known as a teacher, economist, philosopher, jurist and royal advisor, he is the architect of political science and economics in India. His work lays the foundation for classical economics. He played an important role in the establishment of the Mauryan Empire and served as a chief advisor to Chandragupta Maurya and his son Bindusara.
Swami Dayananda Saraswati:
Founder of the ‘Arya Samaj’, he was a Hindu religious leader and renowned scholar of Vedic lore and Sanskrit language. He worked towards reviving of Vedic ideologies and many well-known figures became his followers such as Madam Cama, Lala Lajpat Rai, Ram Prasad Bismil, Mahadev Govind Ranade and many more. His most famous work is a book on Indian Independence movement ‘Satyarth Prakash.’
The guiding force behind the development of classical Indian mathematics and astronomy, Aryabhata contributed significantly to the development of Indian education system. He discovered arithmetic, algebra, trigonometry, fractions, quadratic equations, sums-of-power series and a table of sines, etc. He was an immense knowledgeable person and highly regarded during his age. It is said that Aryabhata might have been the head of the Nalanda University in Bihar. He is author to books of significant importance in the transformation of astronomy and mathematics such as Aryabhatiya and Arya-siddhanta.
Adi kavi Valmiki is regarded as the first poet of Sanskrit and Hindi literature who wrote the Ramayana. With this Ramayana became the first poem to be written in Sanskrit. His first disciples were Kusha and Lava, sons of Rama whom he taught the Ramayana. It is believed that Tulasidas is a reincarnation of Valmiki who wrote Ramacharitamanas. It is also said that people who are desirous of earning knowledge should worship Valmiki.
Also known as Guru Drona, he was the royal preceptor to Kauravas and Pandavas. Regarded as an incarnation of Brahma, he was a master of advanced military arts including Astras the divine weapon. His teacher was Guru Parashurama. As a teacher he was always biased towards his favourite disciple Arjun, the Pandava prince. The incident of Guru Drona asking for guru dakshina from Eklavya is famous in Indian mythology.
The sixth avatar of Vishnu was a master in weapon and military arts. He was teacher to Bheesma, Guru Drona and Karna of Mahabharata. He gave them the knowledge of Brahmastra, the most powerful weapon of that time. His dislike towards Kshatriyas was so much so that he never taught his warfare tactics to them and had a rule that his disciples can’t be Kshatriyas, except for Karna, who was later cursed by Parashurama for lying to It is said that the Sudharshana chakra of Krishna was given by him. In Kalki purana he is regarded as the martial teacher of Kalki, the tenth avatar of lord Vishnu.