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Daily News Analysis 2nd November for UPSC Aspirants

Daily News Analysis 2nd November for UPSC Aspirants

Indian Heritage and Culture and PPP model

Daily News Analysis 2nd November for UPSC Aspirants


Srirangam temple bags UNESCO award

The massive renovation and restoration effort at the Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple in Srirangam, Tamil Nadu, executed through the public-private partnership model, has won the UNESCO Asia Pacific Award of Merit 2017 for cultural heritage conservation.

The Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple is the first temple in Tamil Nadu to receive a UNESCO award.

The Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple is the only religious center in south India to bag award this year.

Mumbai’s Christ Church and Royal Bombay Opera House were the other monuments in India that received the Award of Merit this year.

About UNESCO Asia Pacific Heritage Award


The awards are classified under five categories —

  1. Award of Excellence
  2. Award of Distinction
  3. Award of Merit
  4. Honourable Mention, and
  5. Award for New Design in Heritage Context.

The awards are being given to encourage the efforts of all stakeholders and the public in conserving and promoting the monuments and religious institutes with rich heritage in the Asia-Pacific region.

Awards received by India in 2016 in above mentioned categories:-

Award of Merit:

  • Repairs and Restoration to the Cama Building, Mumbai Central, Mumbai.
  • Restoration of Fortification of Walls & Bastions of Mahidpur Fort, Madhya Pradesh.

Honourable Mention

  • Restoration of the Main Building Doon School, Dehradun, Uttarakhand.


UNESCO stands for United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation.

It is a Specialized agency of the United Nations based in Paris, France.

It was formed on 16 November 1945.

Audrey Azoulay, a French civil servant, and Politician is the Newly Appointed Director-General of UNESCO.

It is the successor of the League of Nations’ International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation.

UNESCO has 195 member states and ten associate members.

UNESCO is responsible for coordinating international cooperation in education, science, culture and communication.

It strengthens the ties between nations and societies and mobilizes the wider public so that each child and citizen:

  •  has access to quality education; a basic human right and an indispensable prerequisite for sustainable development;
  • may grow and live in a cultural environment rich in diversity and dialogue, where heritage serves as a bridge between generations and peoples;
  • can fully benefit from scientific advances;
  • and can enjoy full freedom of expression; the basis of democracy, development and human dignity.

Important Point

In UPSC CSE MAINS 2017 GENERAL STUDIES-II PAPER, there was a question on United Nations Economic and Social Council.

So one can expect the question on UNESCO also may be in UPSC CSE 2018 or 2019 either directly or Indirectly.

Welfare Schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States

Bihar approves reservation for contractual postings

Bihar on Wednesday approved reservation in outsourced contractual appointments made by the State government. The decision was taken in the State cabinet meeting attended by Chief Minister Nitish Kumar and his ministerial colleagues.

The reservation policy would be implemented while hiring outsourced employees, including computer executives, IT assistants, drivers, peons and others.

SCs (Scheduled Caste), STs (Scheduled Tribe), OBCs (Other Backward Class), EBCs (Economically Backward Class), physically challenged people, women and all other categories entitled to reservation would be given the benefit of reservation as per rules. Besides, there will also be reservation in appointments of doctors, engineers, teachers and other posts on a contractual basis by the State government.

 Important Cabinet Approvals for answers

Cabinet approves trade agreement between India and Ethiopia for strengthening and promoting trade and economic cooperation

The Union Cabinet has approved the Trade Agreement between India and Ethiopia for strengthening and promoting trade and economic co-operation.

The trade Agreement will replace the existing trade Agreement signed in 1982. The trade Agreement will provide for all necessary measures to encourage trade, economic cooperation, investment and technical co-operation.

Static Awareness

Ethiopia, in the Horn of Africa, is a rugged, landlocked country split by the Great Rift Valley.

Cabinet approves signing an Agreement between India and Armenia on cooperation and mutual assistance in customs matters 

The Union Cabinet has given its approval for signing and ratifying an Agreement between India and Armenia on cooperation and mutual assistance in customs matters.

The Agreement will help in the availability of relevant information for the prevention and investigation of Customs offenses. It is also expected to facilitate trade and ensure efficient clearance of goods traded between the countries.

Background :

The Agreement would provide a legal framework for sharing of information and intelligence between the Customs authorities of the two countries and help in the proper application of Customs laws, prevention and investigation of Customs offenses and the facilitation of legitimate trade.

The draft Agreement takes care of Indian Customs’ concerns and requirements, particularly in the area of exchange of information on the correctness of the Customs value declared and authenticity of certificates of origin of the goods traded between the two countries.

Static Awareness

Armenia is a nation, and former Soviet republic, in the mountainous Caucasus region between Asia and Europe.

Cabinet approves amendment in the National Council for Teacher Education Act, 1993 

The Union Cabinet has given its approval for introduction of a Bill in Parliament to amend the National Council for Teacher Education Act, 1993, namely the National Council for Teacher Education (Amendment) Act, 2017 to grant retrospective recognition to the Central/State/ Universities who are found to be conducting teacher education courses without NCTE permission.

Department of School Education & Literacy, Ministry of Human Resource Development has brought about this amendment.

Provisions in Amendments:-

  1. The amendment seeks to grant retrospective recognition to the Central/State/Union Territory funded Institutions/Universities conducting Teacher Education Courses without NCTE recognition till the academic year 2017-2018.
  2.  The retrospective recognition is being given as a onetime measure so as to ensure that the future of the students passed out/enrolled in these institutions is not jeopardized.
  3. The amendment will make students studying in these Institutions/Universities, or already passed out from here, eligible for employment as a teacher.
  4. All institutions running Teacher Education Courses such as B.Ed. and D.El.Ed. have to obtain recognition from the National Council for Teacher Education under section 14 of the NCTE Act.
  5. The courses of such recognized Institutions/Universities have to be permitted under section 15, of the NCTE Act.


The NCTE Act, 1993 came into force on 1st July 1995 and is applicable throughout the country, except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.

The main objective of the Act Is to provide for the establishment of an NCTE to achieve planned and coordinated development of the teacher education system, regulation and ensure proper maintenance of norms and standards in the said system.

In order to achieve the objectives of the Act, separate provisions have been, made in the Act, for recognizing Teacher Education courses and to lay down guidelines for compliance by recognized Institutions/Universities.

Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementations

Cabinet approves ongoing Centrally Sponsored Scheme (State Plans) – Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) as Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana- Remunerative Approaches for Agriculture and Allied sector Rejuvenation (RKVY-RAFTAAR) for three years i.e. 2017-18 to 2019-20 

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved the continuation of Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) as Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana- Remunerative Approaches for Agriculture and Allied sector Rejuvenation (RKVY-RAFTAAR) for three years i.e. 2017-18 to 2019-20.

The financial allocation of the scheme will be Rs. 15,722 crore with the objective of making farming as a remunerative economic activity through strengthening the farmer’s effort, risk mitigation and promoting agribusiness entrepreneurship.

RKVY-RAFTAAR funds would be provided to the States as 60:40 grants between Centre and States (90:10 for the North Eastern States and the Himalayan States).

The scheme will incentivize States in enhancing more allocation to Agriculture and Allied Sectors.  This will also strengthen farmer’s efforts through the creation of agriculture infrastructure that helps in supply of quality inputs, market facilities etc.  This will further promote agri-entrepreneurship and support business models that maximize returns to farmers.


Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) is a continuing scheme under implementation from 11th Five Year Plan.

It provides considerable flexibility and autonomy to states in planning and executing programmes for incentivizing investment in agriculture and allied sectors.

Current events of national and International importance

Maximum age of joining National Pension System (NPS) increased from the existing 60 years to 65 years under NPS- Private Sector. 

PFRDA (Pension fund Regulatory and Development Authority of India), the Pension regulator in India, has increased the maximum age of joining under NPS-Private Sector (i.e. All Citizen and Corporate Model) from the existing 60 years to 65 years of age.

Now, any Indian Citizen, resident or non-resident, between the age of 60- 65 years, can also join NPS and continue up to the age of 70 years in NPS.

NPS provides a very robust platform to the subscriber to save for his/her old age income security. Due to the better healthcare facilities and increased fitness, along with the opportunities and avenues available in the private sector as well as in the capacity of self-employment, more and more people in their late 50s or 60s are now living an active life allowing them to be employed productively.

Subscriber joining NPS after the age of 60 years will have an option of normal exit from NPS after completion of 3 years in NPS. In this case, the subscriber will be required to utilize at least 40% of the corpus for the purchase of an annuity and the remaining amount can be withdrawn in lump-sum.

         In case of such subscriber willing to exit from NPS before completion of 3 years in the NPS, he/she will be allowed to do so, but in such case, the subscriber will have to utilize at least 80% of the corpus for the purchase of annuity and the remaining can be withdrawn in lump sum.

         In case of unfortunate death of the subscriber during his stay in NPS, the entire corpus will be paid to the nominee of the subscriber.

Few Important links for UPSC Aspirants-

UPSC Notification 2017 UPSC Syllabus UPSC Prelims Syllabus
UPSC IAS Exam Pattern UPSC Reference Books UPSC Eligibility
UPSC Mains Exams Pattern UPSC Question papers UPSC IAS Preparation Tips
UPSC IAS Exam Application UPSC Admit Card UPSC Results

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