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How to Prepare UPSC Mains Geology Paper 2019

Today we are providing UPSC Civil Services  Geology Paper preparation tips & strategies. Now we will teach you strategy of “How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Geology Paper 2019″. This post is aimed to help you in forming your strategy for Geology optional for Civil Services Exam, considering its various aspects. UPSC Mains Geology ( is an earth science comprising the study of solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change. Geology can also refer generally to the study of the solid features of any terrestrial planet (such as the geology of the Moon or Mars).

How to Prepare UPSC Mains Geology Paper 2019

Geology gives insight into the history of the Earth by providing the primary evidence for plate tectonics, the evolutionary history of life, and past climates. Geology is important for mineral and hydrocarbon exploration and exploitation, evaluating water resources, understanding of natural hazards, the remediation of environmental problems, and for providing insights into past climate change. Geology also plays a role in geotechnical engineering and is a major academic discipline.

 Step 1 : Know the Syllabus – Geology Paper

UPSC MAINS GEOLOGY SYLLABUS 2019. Get UPSC Mains Geology Syllabus, Paper structure & Applicable Topics covered in UPSC Mains Geology Syllabus. Earlier we’ve provided UPSC Mains Exam Pattern & Structure for 2018 & 2019 exams .

Read : UPSC Civil Services Geology Syllabus 2019

Step 2 : Select the Best Reference Books for Geology Paper

The books mentioned below are standard reference material out which you have to do selective reading. The best strategy would be to choose a topic from the syllabus and read it from any standard book and make your own notes for each topic and revise them any number of time. Among the books mentioned Mukherjee is a good book for many topics. So is the book by Aussif Sayeed, which is actually from the Civil Services point of view. The graduation notes of Geology students, prepared by any good college professor can be extremely helpful.

Book List for Geology

  • Trends in objective geology by Aussif Sayeed
  • Text Book of Geology – P.K. Mukherjee
  • Concise geology by P.K Mukherjee
  • Geology: An Introduction – Kronaris and Krambine
  • Text Book of Physical Geology – Mahapatra
  • Geomorphology – Woolridge or Tharnbury
  • Principles of Petrology – G.W. Turrel
  • Petrography – Williams
  • Mineral and Crystal Science – V.C. Jesh
  • Sedimentary Rocks – Petti John
  • Underground Hydrology – David Keith Toad
  • Igneous Rocks and Metromorphic Petrology – Turner
  • Ocean – Squaredrop, Johnson and Bliming
  • General and engineering geology by Parbin singh
  • Simple Geological Structure – Plate and Charlincr
  • Soil Minerology – I. E. Grim
  • A Dictionary of Geology – Morrison
  • Geology and evolution of Indian plate
  • Geology and Evolution of the Indian Plate (From Hadean to Holocene – 4Ga to 4 Ka) / Naqvi, S.M.
  • Concise Glossary of Geology / Mathur, S.M. – 2007
  • Dimensions of Himalayan Geology / Biyani, A.K. – 2007
  • Marine Geology : A Scenario Around Indian Coasts / T.K. Mallik
  • Hydrocarbon Potential and Exploration Strategy of Cauvery Basin, India / J.N. Sahu
  • Current affairs by Arihant publishers
  • Currents affairs by Pearson publishers

Step 3 : Prepare Important Topics

The preparation for Mains must be over before you start with Preliminary preparation, as the Main exam syllabus covers nearly 75% of the requirements of the Preliminary examination.

If a student has not done graduation with Geology, the suggested strategy would be as follows.

(1) Surveying the syllabus of Geology carefully and identifying the completely unfamiliar areas.

(2)  Going through at least 2 basic books with a purpose to acquaint yourself with the unfamiliar areas. You can consider the following books:(a) The NCERT Text Books for geology–Std. XI and XII

(b) Geology for Degree Students

(3)  Doing a careful survey of the past 5 years’ Main Examination Question Papers and identifying the areas of significance.

(4)  Identifying the most fruitful areas:

(5)  If we see the Main Examination paper of last few years, then it is obvious that the UPSC can ask even a short note on a topic which is otherwise quite long in coverage.

How to Study Geology for IAS Mains

Study approach for Geology

This optional is meant for Patience and Calmness. We need to make different strategies for both paper.

  1. Make your own notes: It is always advisable to make notes of the related topics as you go through the books and other study material. A well drafted note solves two purposes. One it takes you through the entire syllabus and second your own notes will be of immense help for the revision of the syllabus.
  2. Current affairs: Going through a standard newspaper daily can keep you updated on the current affairs topics.
  3. General awareness: Any good guide book or year book will help you cover this segment.

Geology Exam Preparation Tips

  • Prepare short notes of important topics with relevant points and always rely on your self-prepared notes. Go through your short notes rigorously.
  • Never go through any book on the eve of examination.
  • Don’t read any new topic.
  • Don’t get engaged with any confusing question or problem on the eve of the examination.
  • Rely on your prior preparation that alone will help you.
  • Take a good sleep on the eve of examination. It is most important tip for your brilliant performance.
  • Do not lose your confidence.

Answer writing

  1. For Long answers-Introduction can be either indirect through some lines or quotes or direct with general explanation followed by exact definition.
  2. Thereafter topic need to be explained in short followed by establishing links with other chapters and focusing on the question again. Here give a pause,read the question again & think again. Diagrams can be used effectively.
  3. Ending of the answers should always be visionary/positive and solution based with example if needed or with some lines.
  4. There should be mixed use of paras and points. Examples should be quoted wherever possible but refrain from using one enterprise again & again.
  5. For short answers, write the basic definition and then directly hit the core.
  6. Ending should be solution based. For merit/demerit/feature use diagram or points.
  7. Test series can be joined for practice.

Step 4 : Prepare Previous Question papers

The Geology question paper lisetd below are actual papers that were given for teh civil service mains examination held by UPSC. Our UPSC Geology question bank is updated till questions of 2015.

How much time it takes to prepare?

4-5 months, if you study Geology 12-15 hours per week. This should be enough. Also, it depends on how much can you recall your graduation concepts.

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