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Strategic Guidelines For Geography Optional

This article is an arrangement of tips to prevail in UPSC Mains Geography optional subject. UPSC Mains Geography (Optional) is a field of science committed to the study of the terrains, the elements, the tenants, and the wonders of Earth. Geography is a widely inclusive teach that looks for a comprehension of the Earth and its human and regular complexities—not just where objects are, but rather how they have changed and become. It is regularly characterized regarding the two branches of human geology and physical geography.

geography optional

Geography, Political Science and Public Administration have developed as the three mainstream optional for IAS Mains in the recent years.

Advantages of Geography as an Optional

  • It is logical in nature not at all like different Arts discretionary. It’s useful for engineers and understudies from a non-humanities foundation.
  • It is vigorously shrouded specifically in GS Paper-1 and furthermore in a roundabout way in numerous regions of GS Paper-3 of IAS Mains.
  • Adequate material is accessible as books and additionally instructing foundation material.
  • Plentiful extension for diagrammatic portrayal. This aides in bringing marks.
  • Helps a lot in interviews.

Throughout your preparation stick to these strategies.

  1. Scope of whole syllabus with a blend of instructing notes , reference books .Begin with NCERTs , GC Leong and afterward move onto further developed things .
  2. Normal updation of current notes on contemporary events and breaking down news from geographical perspective particularly to handle part B of the two papers.
  3. Test series , answer composing and maps rehearse.

Booklist for Geography Preparation

  1. Physical Geography by Savindra Singh
  2. Certificate Physical and Human Geography by Goh Che Leong
  3. NCERT 11th & 12th geography textbooks (can be downloaded free online from official NCERT website.)
  4. Human Geography by Majid Hussain
  5. Evolution Of Geographical Thought by Majid Hussain
  6. Indian Geography by Khullar
  7. Geographic theories by K.Siddartha or Majid husain
  8. The Orient blackswan Atlas
  9. Oxford atlas for appropriate Map information.
  10. Spectrum’s geography guide for illustrations & miscellaneous topics.

How to Prepare for the Geography Optional

  1. I think it is smarter to read the base conceivable number of books, but the contents should be revised thoroughly and regularly.
  2. Utilize graphs, maps, flowcharts and other creative outlines in your answers. Graphs simplifies the detail and enhance the introduction too. Even in questions where the need of an outline may not be obvious, try to illustrate it with the help of maps.
  3. Sincerely followed timings of 4-5 Hrs a day for the Geography Optional, will surely help you to secure a decent score in UPSC exam.

How to write Answers in Geography Optional (Mains)?

As a rule, most competitors will answer the direct questions (like those identifying with cyclones, earthquakes, structure of earth, tides/coral reefs, landforms, disintegration and so on.) With nearly similar focuses, so try to keep up an edge by presenting new graphs or showing your answer in an all the more engaging way.


  • Underlines


For small questions simply underline, maybe a couple of catchphrases. For the long ones you’ll need to underline only the key focuses.

  • Headings

Use both headings (very frequently & only before starting non-intro paragraphs) & points (but each point consisting of minimum 2-3 lines each)


  • Open Ended Questions


Try to frame your answers with a Geographical perspective in your mind.


  • Diagrams in the answers


Try to innovate your answers by drawing political view of any state.


At last i might want to state, innovate and enhance your answer writing. That is the thing that UPSC agenda request.


Thank You..!!


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